Indian diet chart for diabetic patients in detail :
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar or glucose levels for a prolonged period.
In a healthy human, the insulin hormone aids in the transport of glucose from the blood to cells which get stored or utilized for energy.
In diabetic patients, either there is insulin deficiency or cells are unable to respond to insulin.
- Increased hunger or appetite
- Increased thirst
- Weight loss
- Increased urination
- Wounds that don’t heal easy
HOW INTAKE OF FOOD AFFECTS DIABETES:
Some foods may keep sugar levels under control and certain foods may worsen the elevated sugars in the blood.
A diabetic patient diet chart includes certain calories per day. It varies from each patient and depends upon age, sex, type of diabetes, and weight.
This is an example of 1200 calorie Indian diet chart for a diabetic patient.
DIABETIC PATIENT DIET CHART:
|6 Am||Fenugreek seeds(methi) soaked in water
Cinnamon water 1 glass
1 spoon of amla juice in water.
|Vegetable cheela-2 or dosa-2 with green chutney
or with curry leaves powder.
I bowl of wheat upma
|11 Am||Buttermilk – 1 glass
1 cup of tomato soup
|Vegetable salad-1 cup with multigrain chapati-2
1 chapati with ½ cup brown rice+ Sabji(Dal or vegetable)
|4 Pm||Green with lemon-1 cup with roasted channa-0.25 cup|
|7 Pm||Sprout salad (or) cucumber slices|
|Horse gram dosa-2 with sambar or spinach or any sabzi|
|10 Pm||Skimmed milk with turmeric-½ cup|
FOODS THAT BENEFIT DIABETIC PATIENTS:
An Indian diet chart for the diabetic patient may include these foods.
These are of low glycemic index thus regulating glucose and cholesterol levels.
Ex- oats, semolina, whole wheat, brown rice, and millets are also great sources of fiber with fewer carbohydrates.
NUTS AND SEEDS:
These regulate and maintain glucose levels in the blood and act as antioxidants also.
Nuts-walnuts, almonds, pistachios
Seeds -flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds.
Especially chia seeds are useful in reducing the risk of diabetic complications. They contain omega-3 fatty acids, fiber, and high levels of magnesium.
What variety of nuts should you avoid: honey-coated, sugar-coated, or with added sugar.
LEGUMES AND PULSES:
They are low in fat and almost no cholesterol and high in fiber thus it is beneficial for diabetic patients with high cholesterol levels. These are good sources of protein instead of meat for vegetarian eaters.
Ex-Soy beans, chickpeas, moong dhal, red lentil, kidney beans.
GREEN LEAFY VEGETABLES:
Diet charts for diabetic patients must include green leafy vegetables. These contain vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. High antioxidant properties.
Ex-spinach, drumstick leaves, amaranth, mint, agathi leaves(flax leaves) reference
VEGETABLES, and FRUITS:
Best for supplying required nutrients to the body without much rise in blood sugar. It keeps your stomach full for a long time. Water-based vegetables are best for diabetics like bell peppers, gourds like bottle guard, snake gourd, bitter gourd, ridge gourd, and brinjal
Guava for diabetes is suggestable. As it contains a low glycemic index it gets digested slowly.
other fruits like oranges, unripe bananas, water apples, and apples are useful to snack on.
MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS:
Low-fat milk or skimmed milk intake without any sugar is helpful to maintain glucose and cholesterol levels in control. Products from low-fat milk like curd are beneficial.
Drinking cinnamon water with an empty stomach is good for diabetic people. Cinnamon increases insulin sensitivity and is also good for digestion.
Many people have this question, Can sugar patients drink coconut water? It is a good source of fiber that hastens metabolism with a low glycemic index.
People with controlled sugar levels can drink coconut water for 4 to 5 days a week. But people with even slightly increased glucose levels should avoid coconut water.
Curry leaves are rich in fiber so it helps in slowing down the absorption of sugar thus controlling sugar levels.
Some research shows garlic helps in reducing blood pressure and high cholesterol level in the blood. It also stabilizes blood sugar thereby useful for diabetic people.
NON VEG FOODS FOR DIABETIC PEOPLE:
1 egg per day is preferable for sugar people. Intake of only egg whites is also a healthier option.
It contains omega-3 fatty acids and a source of protein. A diabetic person may include 2 to 3 times a week.
It keeps inflammation in check and reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
It is a great source of nutrients with low fat.
Ex-chicken(skinless much preferred), lamb, turkey.
FOODS TO BE AVOIDED BY DIABETIC PEOPLE:
These contain high amounts of carbohydrates which get easily absorbed and converted to glucose.
Ex-white rice, potatoes, corn, and sweet potatoes are a few items with high starch content.
Foods containing trans fats, and saturated fats are to be avoided. Like red meat, fried foods, cheese, butter, and junk food.
It is one of the components that should be avoided from a diabetic diet plan. Alcohol gets easily converted into sugars thus increasing blood glucose.
REFINED FLOUR (MAIDA):
Products from refined flour like white bread, cakes, pastries, and instant noodles are to be avoided at any cost.
Few fruits with high sucrose levels will cause altered glucose levels. Such fruits include mangoes, dry fruits, dates, ripened bananas, melons, and grapes.
It may increase blood sugar levels. Diabetic people who are regular consumers are at high risk for diabetic complications like heart diseases.
- Reduce the portion size and try to eat frequently to balance hunger and sugar levels.
- Drink the required amount of water, water helps to regulate sugar levels.
- Reduce salt intake.
- Don’t starve yourself in the name of being healthy and trying to reduce weight. Breakfast for diabetic patients is essential to maintain energy throughout the day so don’t skip it.
- Incorporate exercise into your routine
- Get regular checkups and adhere to diabetic medication.
1 thought on “INDIAN DIET CHART FOR DIABETIC PATIENT”
Wow it’s very useful.. Really good article for those who are facing the problem of diabetes…. 👏👏👏👏👏👏👏👏👏👏…